Corporación de la Industria Aeronáutica Colombiana S.A. (CIAC S. A.) was created by Legislative Decree 1064 of May 9, 1956, and its prime object was to exploit centers for the repair and maintenance and servicing of aircraft, and subsequently, to build aircraft.

In 1966, it became in an autonomous entity within the Colombian Ministry of Defence, and in 1971 it was listed as a "mixed-economy enterprise", in the regime of State Industrial and Commercial Enterprise.

In its early years, CIAC took part in the repair of conventional aircraft engines, and as of 1965 increased its production capacity, setting up an in-bond system, which made it easier to import aeronautical parts and spares; this arrangement functioned up to 1995. During that time, CIAC provided maintenance for aircraft with weight under 3500 kg.

Between the 1970s and early 1990s, as a result of a majority shareholding in the company Aeroindustrial Colombiana S.A. (ICSA), CIAC began to engage in some the assembly of general-aviation Piper aircraft for the Andean Pact market.

Between 1988 and 1996, CIAC acquired capacity to provide maintenance to Boeing B-727 aircraft, and signed maintenance contracts with Avianca and SAM.

Between 1996 and 1998 CIAC was involved in important projects for the modernization  and modification of military aircraft, which give it capacity to act in this field.

In 1998, the company was classed as a commercial user of the Bogotá Free Zone for servicing for the services of warehousing and customs clearance of goods, and in 2002 received certification as an Industrial User of Goods and Services.

In 1999, CIAC obtained authorization from the civil aviation authority AEROCIVIL, to undertake maintenance of B-707, B-727 and DC-9 aircraft, and it was the only workshop authorised to do this work in Colombia.

In 2001, it obtained operating licence number 010 as an aeronautical repair workshop approved by AEROCIVIL.

In 2002 it obtained its quality assurance certificate ISO 9001:1994, a major landmark that time, when quality management systems were not issued for such long periods.

In 2006, it signed an inter-administrative agreement to form an association with the nation-Ministry of Defence-Air Force-CAMAN and, under the name PEGASO, to provide joint maintenance repair and aeronautical logistics support services, in order to optimize the management and results of aviation in the defence sector, expand the current capacity for repairing components in the aeronautical inventory of the Armed Forces, the Government, and aviation in general, and to promote the development of national aeronautical industry.

In 2008, it signed a science and technology agreements in alliance with Industria Militar – INDUMIL -   to develop compounds, and the IRIS remotely piloted aircraft.

In 2009, it signed a strategic alliance agreement with the Temporary Union Aviónm de Entrenamiento Lancair, formed by Lancair International Inc and Sudair Corpp. to implement a facility with Legacy FG aircraft, and the manufacture and assembly of 25 primary training aircraft for the Air Force.

In 2009, it began development of capacity to engage in major overhaul activity in for the first time in Colombia, for the Air Force Hercules C-30 aircraft, which had previously been contracted abroad. So far, eight of these activities have been completed with highly satisfactory results.

In 2010, an offset agreement was signed between the Ministry of Defence and Embraer for technology transfer to CIAC, so that CIAC could modernize the 14 Tucano T-27 aircraft owned by the air force - despite the possibility that this work could be done by any other interested operator - through certification of technical capacity and the grant of a licence to commercialize the service.

In 2011, it signed an offset agreement with Sikorsky, for the implementation of a UH-60 simulation centre on the premises of the Aerial Combat Command in CACOM-4.; this was another landmark, given the foreseeable availability in Colombia of a latest-generation simulator for training the crews of this fleet for the Armed Forces.

In 2014, CIAC engaged in activities to modernize and provide structural repair major structural repairs to UH-60 aircraft

In 2015, the FAA certified CIAC as repair station 032Y396C to provide maintenance service for avionics equipment, accessories and non-destructive testing.

In 2015, it secured certification from Airbus Defence as an MR station for CN-235 and C-295 aircraft.

In 2015, it received certification from Embraer as the only authorised station for modernising Tucano -T 27 aircraft

In 2015, CIAC obtained an Instruction Center Certificate No. 61, as an advanced independent aeronautical instruction center, from AEROCIVIL

In 2015, it also  obtained approval for its operational safety management system (SMS) from AEROCIVIL.

Between 2015 2016, it implemented best management practices for the industry, with the adoption of the ERP-SAP platform.

In 2016 it obtained certification for its environmental quality management system, under the ISO 14 001 standard.

In 2017 CIAC secured certification for its quality management system under standard AS/EN 9100 and AS/EN 9110 for the manufacture of aeronautical products and the rendering of MRO services, respectively, and so became the first organization in Colombia to obtain these certifications.

In 2017, it secured certification for its supply chain management, in the terms of ISO 28,000 and BASC.

In 2017, it started on a co-development project for high-performance UAV with Airbus Defence & Space, which without doubt will be a catalyst project for the development of Colombia's aerospace industry.

Currently, CIAC is in the Strategic Leap Forward phase of the 2013 institutional strategic plan, which seeks to continue to satisfy the needs of the Colombian armed forces, and to export goods and services such as Calima T-90 aircraft, and metal and compound materials for aeronautical parts, UAV systems, aeronautical armouring, and electric cabling, amongst other things. The company also has broad installed capacity and knowledge to attend to the needs of commercial aviation companies growing with ATR-42/72, A-320 and B-737 aircraft.